O'Donovan G., Bakrania K., Ghouri N., Yates T., Gray L.J., Hamer M., Stamatakis E., Khunti K., Davies M., Sattar N., Gill J.M.R. Nonexercise equations to estimate fitness in White European and South Asian Men. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2016 May; 48(5): 854-9.
Cardiorespiratory fitness is a strong, independent predictor of health, whether it is measured in an exercise test or estimated in an equation. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate equations to estimate fitness in middle-age white European and South Asian men.